Tooth whitening is a process that whitens teeth and reduces color changes. Because it changes the appearance of your teeth to a significant extent, it is one of the most used aesthetic procedures today, and most of them are performed by the dentist.
The outermost layer of the tooth is called enamel. Every day a thin layer of minerin is formed and stains appear on this layer. At the same time in the enamel layer there are tiny pores that allow the stains to stabilize. Bleaching is not a one-time solution and occasionally needs to be repeated to obtain a brighter color.
The most important factors that make your teeth yellow and stain are coloring foods such as aging, smoking, coffee and tea. All of this leaves a tooth stain.
Spotting in the tooth is also possible. These are called internal stains. For example, internal stains can be caused by the use of tetracycline-like antibiotics or too much fluoride when developing children and teeth. These stains can occur when the tetracycline is used during pregnancy or when the child is 8 years old. Teeth are still developing at this time.
Tooth whitening is the most effective solution for stains caused by age, food and drinks
Caries must be treated before the teeth are bleached. The reason for this is that the bleaching solution can pass through the caries regions and reach the inside of the teeth. If this happens, the sensitivity increases. Whitening is also useless in roots that do not have enamel layers at the same time. The pulled gums cause roots to appear. Whitening is also useless in curtains and finishes.
Whitening can be done at home or in the clinic. In the clinic, the dentist takes a picture of your teeth for cleaning. This step is used to measure whiteness of teeth. At the same time the dentist looks at your teeth and examines the density and the pattern of the stains.
Bleaching in the clinic lasts about 30 to 60 minutes. When the examination is over, the dentist will clean your teeth and start the bleaching process.
For whitening at home, your dentist will make molds that fit your mouth and contain whitening gel inside. Home bleaching usually lasts two to three weeks. The sets sold in pharmacy can also be used easily. It is important for you to see your dentist for home use kits. Make sure that you use them in accordance with the instructions because excessive or improper use can permanently damage the teeth and the head.
There are two types of whitening. Non-vital whitening channel is applied and applied to the teeth that have no live sinus. Vital bleaching is applied to the teeth with live nerves.
Vital bleaching can not improve the appearance of a treated tooth. In this case, the dentist cleanses the tooth internally using a different method. Bleaching agent is placed into the tooth and a temporary filling is applied on the tooth and the tooth is left for a few days. This process can be repeated until the desired tone is reached. A permanent filling is made from behind and the tooth is closed. This process can be repeated a few times in the future but there is a risk of creating internal resorption in the very long term
The most common vital bleaching uses a gel-like solution. This product usually contains hydrogen peroxide. The whitener will put the solution in the mouth and keep you in the mouth for a certain period of time. Tooth whitening can be done at home or in the clinic. Clinical whitening is done under the control of the dentist and is observed more carefully.
Bleaching in the clinic usually takes 30 to 60 minutes and 2-3 sessions are required to complete. The number of sessions depends on how white your teeth are and how stained they are. At first, the dentist asks your medical history to try to find out the reason for the color change in your teeth. Different types of stains will respond differently.
The dentist first applies a special protective gel and then uses a bleaching agent. The most commonly used ingredient in bleaching clinically is carbamide peroxide.
Some bleaching agents can be chemically activated by heat, special lights, or other chemicals. After the whitening agent is applied, the dentist keeps your tooth for a short time. Some dentists have just started using laser instead of heat. Consumers love the latest technology features of the laser, but the technology is more new. Although the American Dental Association says that the technology may be robust, there is little research on the reliability or effectiveness of laser use in tooth whitening. If your teeth are too dark, you can bleach more thoroughly in the clinic or opt for whitening at home.
For home whitening, the dentist takes the measurements of your teeth and makes a special pattern for you. This number depends on whether you clean the upper and lower teeth. A fully seated mouth size prevents the whitening agent from contacting the gums, rather than the teeth. They usually do not fit well with the mold from the pharmacy, which leads to discomfort in the gums.
At home, you must fill each dentist with whitening material provided by your dentist and use it for several hours each day. Most people get whiteness in a couple of weeks
Your dentist will check your gums a few days after bleaching. If the gingivitis enters the contact with the whitener, discomfort may occur. If you whiten your teeth at home, the dentist wants to make sure that the procedure is done correctly.
Whitening is not a permanent solution and stains always come back. If you smoke and consume too much stain-removing food and drink, you will see that the stains begin to recur in a short period of time like a month. If you stay away from this kind of stain sources, you do not need to bleach again for about 12 months.
Bleaching can be done at home or in the clinic. If at home you have a custom made mold and bleaching mineral, you can repeat it as often as your dentist recommends..
The whitening process has no side effects, but the teeth still show sensitivity for a while. Whitening procedures should not be used in pregnant women. The effects of bleaching materials on the fetus are unknown. Since the procedure is totally aesthetic, postponed until postnatal.
If you think your teeth may benefit from bleaching, you can call your dentist to discuss the procedure